The Effect of Dill and Cumin Essential Oils on Physiological and Microbiological Traits of Cut Alstroemeria ( Alstroemeria hybrida)

Document Type: Original Article


1 Department of Horticultural Science and Agronomy, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

2 Department of Horticultural Science, Rasht Branch, Islamic Azad University, Rasht, Iran

3 Department of Biology, Rasht Branch, Islamic Azad University, Rasht, Iran


Alstroemeria (Alstroemeria hybrida) is one of the most important cut flowers in the world. The aim of this study is investigating on the effect of dill and cumin essential oils on physiological and microbiological traits of alstroemeria cut flowers. Hydro-distillation method and GC isolated the essential oils of seed and GC/MS examined the chemical compositions of the samples. This experiment carried out as factorial based on completely randomized design with two factors of essential oils of dill and cumin (50 and 100 ppm). The second factor was used of methods (pre-harvest, post-harvest). The results showed that the dill essential oil treatment (100 ppm) in pre-harvest was the best treatment for all known traits. 11 colonies of bacteria were identified in stem end of cut alstroemeria flowers; which are E-coli, Enterobacter, Klebsiella, Proteus, Serratia, Citrobacter, Pseudomonas, Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus, Bacillus cereus and Actinomycetes. Due to the positive impact of dill essential oil (100 ppm) in the pre-harvest method in improving traits associated with vase life of cut alstroemeria flowers, these treatments are recommended.

Graphical Abstract

The Effect of Dill and Cumin Essential Oils on Physiological and Microbiological Traits of Cut Alstroemeria ( Alstroemeria hybrida)


  • Essential oils of dill (100 ppm) is the best treatment.
  •  Pre-harvest is best methods for extending vase life of Alstroemeria.
  • Identifying 11 colonies of bacteria in stem end of cut Alstroemeria flowers.


Alborz, Z., Habibi, F. and Mortazavi, S.N. 2015. Effect of putrescine and spermine spraying on increasing vase life of Alstroemeria (cv. ‘Sukari’). Journal of Crops Improvement,17: 241-255.

Bailly, C., Benamar, A., Corbuneau, F. and Come, D. 1996. Changes in malondialdehyde content and in superoxide dismutase, catalase and glutathione reductase activities in sunflower seeds as related to deterioration during accelerated aging. Physiologia Plantarum, 97 (1): 104-110.

Chanasut, U., Rogers, H., Leverentz, M., Griffiths, G., Thomas, B. and Wagstaff, C. 2003. Increasing flower longevity in alstroemeria. Postharvest Biology and Technology, 29 (3): 325-333.

Dwivedi, S.K., Arora, A., Singh, V.P., Sairam, R. and Bhattacharya, R.C. 2016. Effect of sodium nitroprusside on differential activity of antioxidants and expression of SAGs in relation to vase life of gladiolus cut flowers. Scientia Horticulturae,210: 158-165.

Ferrante, A., Hunter, D.A, Hackett W.P. and Reid, M.S. 2002. Thidiazuron-a potent inhibitor of leaf senescence in alstroemeria. Postharvest Biology and Technology,25(3): 333-338.

Giannopolitis, C. and Ries, S. 1997. Superoxid desmutase. I: Occurence in higher plant.Journal of Plant Physiology,59: 309-314.

Heath, R.L. and Packer,  L. 1986. Photoperoxidation in isolated chloroplasts: I. Kinetics and stoichiometry of fatty acid peroxidation. Archives Biochemistry and Biophysics, 125: 189-198.

In, B.C., Motomura, S., Inamoto, K., Doi, M. and Mori, G. 2007. Multi variente analysis of realation between pre-harvest environmental factors, postharvest morphological and physiological factors and vase life of cut ‘Asomi Red’ roses. Japanese Society Horticultural Science, 76: 66-72.

Jowkar, M.M. 2006.Water relations and microbial proliferation in vase solutions of Narcissus tazetta L. cv.‘Shahla-e-Shiraz’ as affected by biocide compounds. Journal of Horticulture Science and Biotechnology, 81 (4): 656-660.

Kazemi, M. and Ameri, A. 2012. Postharvest life of cut gerbera flowers as affected by nanosilver and acetyl salicylic acid. Asian Journal of Biochemistry, 10: 20-26.

Lee, M.M., Lee, S.H. and Park, K.Y. 1997. Effects of spermine on ethylene biosynthesis in cut carnation (Dianthus caryophyllus L) flowers during senescence.Journal of Plant Physiology, 151 (1): 68-73.

Maneerung, T., Tokura, S. and Rujiravanit R. 2008. Impregnation of silver nanoparticles into bacterial cellulose for antimicrobial wound dressing. Carbohydrate Polymers, 72 (1): 43-51.

Manfredini, G.M., Paiva,, Almeida, E.F.A., Nascimento, Â.M.P. do., Sales, T.S. and Santos, L.O. 2017. Postharvest quality of essential oil treated roses. Ornamental Horticulture, 23 (2): 192-199.

Mohd Rafdi, H.H., Joyce, D.C., Irving, D.E. and Gantait, S.S. 2018. Citric acid, sucrose and Cu2+ as potential vase treatments for cut Acacia holosericea G. Don foliage stems. The Journal of Horticultural Science and Biotechnology, 93: 73-80.

Navarro, E., Baun, A., Behra, R., Hartmann, N.B., Filser, J. and Miao, A.J. 2008. Environmental behavior and ecotoxicity of engineered nanoparticles to algae, plants, and fungi. Ecotoxicology,17 (5): 372-386.  

Palma, J.M., Sandalio, L.M., Corpas, F.J., Romero-Puertas, M.C., McCarthy, I. and Luis, A. 2002. Plant proteases, protein degradation and oxidative stress: Role of peroxisomes. Plant Physiology and Biochemistry,40 (6): 521-530.

Pun, U., Shimizu, H., Tanase, K. and  Ichimura, K. 2005. Effect of sucrose on ethylene biosynthesis in cut spray carnation flowers. Paper presented at the VIII International Symposium on Postharvest Physiology of Ornamental Plants. Doorwerth, Netherlands. 1-2 Feb.

Put, H.M. 1990. Micro-organisms from freshly harvested cut flower stems and developing during the vase life of chrysanthemum, gerbera and rose cultivars. Scientia Horticulturae,43 (1): 129-144.

Razi, M. 2017. Vase life and quality of cut alstroemeria as affected by integrated application of plant essential oils and non-chemical treatments. Journal of Ornamental Plants, 7: 81-91.

van Doorn, W. and de Witte, Y. 1997. Sources of the bacteria involved in vascular occlusion of cut rose flowers. Journal of the American Society Horticultural Science,122 (2): 263-266.

van Doorn, W.G., de Witte, Y. and Harkema H. 1995. Effect of high numbers of exogenous bacteria on the water relations and longevity of cut carnation flowers. Postharvest Biology and Technology,6 (2): 111-119.

Zhang, Y., Chen, K.S., Chen, Q.J., Zhang, S.L. and Ren, Y.P. 2003. Effects of acetyl salicylic acid (ASA) and ethylene treatments on ripening and softening of postharvest kiwifruit. Acta Botanica Sinica,45 (72): 1447-1452.