Evaluation Uptake and Translocation of Iron Oxide Nanoparticles and Its Effect on Photosynthetic Pigmentation of Chrysanthemum (Chrysanthemum morifolium) ‘Salvador’

Document Type: Original Article


1 Ornamental Plants Research Center

2 Soil Science Department, Faculty of Agriculture, Lorestan University, Khoramabad, Iran.

3 Soil Science Department, Faculty of Agriculture, Lorestan University, khoramabad, Iran.

4 Chemistry Department, Faculty of Science, Lorestan University, khoramabad, Iran.


Recently, the use of superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIONS) as a new and promising source of iron in agriculture has been suggested that further investigation is needed before extensive field use. In a greenhouse experiment, the effect of coated magnetite nanoparticles with humic acid (Fe3O4/HA NPs) was investigated on iron deficiency chlorosis and photosynthesis efficiency compared to iron chelates of Fe-EDTA (Fe-Ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid) and Fe-EDDHA [Fe-Ethylene diamine-di (o-hydroxyphenylacetic acid)] as control treatments in chrysanthemum cut flower (Chrysanthemum morifolium) in the open hydroponic cultivation system. The feasibility of absorption and translocation of nanoparticles in the plant was evaluated by vibrating sample magnetometry (VSM). The results of tracing by magnetization measurement was demonstrated that NPs penetrated in root and transferred to the aerial parts of chrysanthemum. The greenhouse experiment demonstrated that the application 20 mg/L Fe3O4/HA NPs in nutrient solution significantly (P

Graphical Abstract

Evaluation Uptake and Translocation of Iron Oxide Nanoparticles and Its Effect on Photosynthetic Pigmentation of Chrysanthemum (<i>Chrysanthemum morifolium</i>) ‘Salvador’


  • Fe3O4/HA NPS penetrated in root and transferred to aerial parts of chrysanthemum.
  • Fe3O4/HA NPS increased the different kinds of photosynthetic pigments including chlorophylls a, b, total and carotenoids.
  • There was no difference in photosynthesis efficiency between iron nanoparticles and iron chelates.


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