Effect of Different Media on Some Growth, Flowering and Biochemical Parameters of Two Cultivars of Gladiolus (Gladiolus grandiflorus L.) under Soilless Conditions

Document Type: Original Article

Authors

1 Department of Horticultural Science and Landscape, Faculty of Agriculture, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Iran

2 Department of Horticultural Science and Landscape, Faculty of Agriculture, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad. Iran

Abstract

This experiment was conducted to study the effect of cocopeat: perlite medium with three ratios (v/v) (1:1, 3:1 and 1:3) on some vegetative, flowering and biochemical parameters of two gladiolus cultivars (Strong and White) under soilless conditions in 2016. Data indicated that most vegetative parameters expressed as plant height, leaf number and leaf area, flowering parameter such as spike emergence, spike diameter, spike length and number of florets per spike and biochemical parameters like chlorophyll a, chlorophyll b, soluble sugars and macronutrient uptake N, P and K (%) in leaf were significantly affected in cultivars, media and their interaction. As the results showed, there was a significant interaction between cultivars and media in plant height and dry weight of florets where the higher plant was obtained in white cultivar and cocopeat: perlite with ratio 1:3, while higher dry weight of florets in strong cultivar and cocopeat: perlite with ratio 1:3. All of the parameters studied showed significant increase in the treatment containing coco peat: perlite with ratio 1:3 in both cultivars.

Highlights

  • Soil less culture of Gladiolus cultivars is possible in media containing different ratio of cocopeat: perlit.
  • Most vegetative, flowering and biochemical parameters were significantly affected by cultivars, media and their interactions.
  • In both cultivars under study, media containing Perlite: cocopeat 3:1 ratio had higher value compare to less perlite containing media.

Keywords


Abad, M., Noguera, P., Puchades, R., Maquieira, A. and Noguera, V. 2002. Physico-chemical and chemical properties of some coconut dusts for use as a peat substitute for containerized ornamental plants. Bioresource Technology, 82: 241-245.

Abirami, K., Rema, J., Mathew, P. A., Srinivasan, V. and Hamza, S. 2010. Effect of different propagation media on seed germination, seedling growth and vigour of nutmeg (Myristica fragrans Houtt.). Journal of Medicinal Plants Research, 4 (19): 2054- 2058.

Anderson, N.O., Frick, J., Younis, A. and Currey, C. 2012. Heritability of cold tolerance (winter hardiness) in Gladiolus × grandiflorus. In: I.Y. Abdurakhmonov (ed.), Plant Breeding, In Tech., Chapter 13, pp. 297–312.

Anderson, N.O., Younis, A. and Sun, Y. 2010. Intersimple sequence repeats distinguish genetic differences in Easter lily ‘Nellie White’ clonal ramets within and among bulb growers over years. Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science, 135: 445-455.

Bhardwaj, R.L. 2014. Effect of growing media on seed germination and seedlings growth of papaya cv. Red Lady. African Journal of Plant Science, 8(4): 178-184.

Bose, T.K., Yadav, L.P., Pal, P., Parthasarathy, V.A. and Das, P. 2003. Commercial Flowers, Vol. II. Kolkata, India: Naya Udyog.

Cottenie, A., Verloo, M., Kiekens, L., Velghe, G. and Camerlynck, R. 1982. Chemical analysis of plant and soil. Laboratory of Analytical and Agrochemistry. State University Ghent, Belguim, pp: 100-129.

Djedidi, M., Gerasopoulos, D. and Maloupa, E. 1999. The effect of different substrates on the quality of ‘Carmelo’ tomatoes (Lycopersicum esculentum Mill.) grown under protection in a hydroponic system. Cahier Option Mediterranneenes, 31: 379-383.

Dubois, M., Smith, F., Gilles, K.A.G., Hamilton, J.K. and Robers, P.A. 1966. Colorimetric method for determination of sugars and related substances. Analytical Chemistry, 28: 350-356.

Gerailoo, S. and Ghasemnezhad, M. 2011. Effect of salicylic acid on antioxidant enzyme activity and petal senescence in ‘Yellow Island’ cut rose flowers. Journal of Fruit and Ornamental Plant Research,19 (1): 183-193.

Grassotti, A. and Gimelli, F. 2011. Bulb and cut flower production in the genus Lilium: Current status and the future. Acta Hort., 900: 21-36.

Hematian Dehkordi, M, Mohamadi Ghahsareh, A. and Kalbasi, M. 2010. Effect of palm peat and its mixtures with soil on yield and some growth index of hydroponically grown cucumber. Proceedings of the 5th National Conference on New Ideas in Agricultural Branch, Isfahan, Iran. P: 215.

Hesami, A., Amini, F., Sarikhani, Q. and Birghdarkashkol, A. 2010. Use of palm waste as an alternative to the cocopeat hydroponic strawberry cultivation. Proceedings of the Second National Conference on Agriculture and Sustainable Development.1-4.

Hoagland, D.R. and Arnon, D.I. 1950. The water-culture method for growing plants without soil. Circular. California Agricultural Experiment Station. Vol. 347 No. 2nd edit pp. 32.

Inden, H. and Torres, A. 2004. Comparison of four substrates on the growth and quality of tomatoes. Acta Horticulturae, 644: 205–210.

Javanpour Heravi, R., Babalar, M., Mir Abdolbaghi, M. and Askari, M. 2005. Effect of hydroponic nutrient solution and substrate on quantitative and qualitative characteristics of tomato growing in greenhouse. Iranian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 36 (4): 939-946.

Khosh Khui, M., Shybany, B., Rouhani, L. and Tafazoli, E. 2006. Principles of horticultural science. Shiraz University Press. Iran. P: 594.

Magnani, G., Grassotti, A. and Nesi, B. 2003. Lapillus growing medium for cut bulbous flowers in soilless culture. Acta Horticulturae, 609: 389-393.

Mashadi­ Jahafarpour, A. and Henareh, M. 2012. Allsubstratesused inhydroponic culture.1st National Congress of Hydroponic Sand Greenhouse Production. Isfahan. P: 254.

Michael, R. and Heinrich, L. J. 2008. Soilless culture: Theory and Practice. Elsevier. p. 571.

Miller, B. 2008. A primer on hydroponics cut tulips. http://www.gpnmag.com/A-Primer-on-Hydroponic-Cut-Tulip article 3267.

Narendra, C. 2011. Effect of integrated nutrient management on vegetative growth and flowering characters of gladiolus. Indian Journal of Horticulture, 70 (1): 156-159.

Noguera, P., Abad, M., Noguera, V., Puchades, R. and Maquieira, A. 2000. Coconut coir waste, a new and viable ecologically friendly peat substitute. Acta Horticulturae, 517: 279 - 286.

Papadopolos, A.P. 1994. Growing greenhouse seedless cucumbers in soil and in soilless media. Agricultural Canada Publication 1902/E, Communications Branch, Agricultural and Agri-Food Canada, Ottawa, Canada. p. 108.

Parviz, R. and Ali, S.S. 2014. Effect of different media on growth, sucker and chlorophyll of Padanus spp. in under system mist. International Journal of Farming and Allied Sciences, 3 (3): 285-288.

Paul, K.W., Michael, T., Masarirambi, A. and Victor, D. S. 2010. Evaluating different hydroponics systems for growth, flowering and quality of gladiolus (Gladiolus grandiflorus). International Journal of Agriculture and Biology, 12: 649–654.

Rami, M. and Porath, D. 1980. Chlorophyll determination in intact tissue using N, N. dimethyl formamid. Plant Physiology, 65: 478-479.

Sahani, S., Sharma, B.K., Singh, D.P., Singh, H.B. and Singh, K.P. 2008. Cocopeat enhances performance of plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria in Cicer arietinum rhizosphere against Sclerocium rolfsii. Crop Protaction, 27: 369-376.

Sajjad, Y., Jaskani, M.J., Ashraf, M.Y., Qasim, M. and Ahmad, R. 2014. Response of morphological and physiological growth attributes to foliar application of plant growth regulators in gladiolus ‘White Prosperity’. Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 51: 123-129.

Samiei, L., Khalighi, A., Kafi, M. and Samavat, S. 2004. Peatmoss substituting with some organic wastes in pothos (Epipremnum aureum ‘Golden Pothos’) growing media. Iranian Journal of Horticultural Sience and Technology, 6 (2): 88 – 79.

Shabani, T., Peyvast, G.H. and Olfati, J. 2011. Effect of different substrates on quantitative and qualitative traits of three pepper cultivars in soilless culture. Journal of Science and Technology of Greenhouse Culture, 2 (6): 11 – 21.

Soegiman, J.T. 1982. Ilmu tanah.  Terjemahan dari. The nature and properties of soils. Buckman   and   Brady. Bhatara Karya Aksara. Jakarta, 788 hal.

Tehranifar, A., Selahvarzi, Y. and Alizadeh, B. 2011. Effect of different growing media on growth and development of two lilium(Oriental and Asiatic hybrids) types in soilless conditions. II International Symposium on the Genus Lilium, Acta Horticulturae, 900: 139-142.

 Tribulato, A., Noto, G. and Argento, S. 2003. Soilless culture on quality production in lily. VI International Symposium on Protected Cultivation in Mild Winter Climate: Product and Process Innovation, Acta Horticulturae, 614: 749-754.

Verdonc, O. and Gabriels, R.I. 1992. Reference method for the determination of physical properties of plant substrates. II. Reference method for the determination of chemical properties of plant substrates. Acta Horticulturae, 302: 169 – 179.

Yahya, A., Safie, H. and Kahar, S. 2009. Properties of cocopeat-based growing media and their effects on two annual ornamentals. Journal of Tropical Agriculture and Food Science Abbreviation, 25: 151-157.