Magnetic field improved germination parameters.
Exposure to magnetic field improved germination of Madagascar periwinkle seed under salinity conditions.
20 or 30 minute exposure to the 100 mT magnetic field were the best treatments for the germination of Madagascar periwinkle (Catharanthus roseus cv. ‘Acillata’) seeds.
Aladjadjiyan, A. 2002. Study of the influence of magnetic field on some biological characteristics of Zea mays. Journal of Centeral European Agriculture, 3(2): 89-94.
Aladjadjiyan, A. 2007. The use of physical methods for plant growing stimulation in bulgaria. Journal of Central European Agriculture, 8 (3): 369-380.
Aladjadjiyan, A. and Ylieva, T. 2003. Influence of stationary magnetic field on the early stages of the development of tobacco seeds (Nicotiana tabacum L.). Journal of Central European Agriculture, 4(2): 131-139.
Ashraf, M. and Foolad, M.R. 2005. Pre-sowing seed treatment shotgun approach to improve germination, plant growth, and crop yield under saline and non-saline conditions. Advances in Agronomy, 88: 223–271.
Aslam, J., Khan, S.H., Siddiqui, Z.H., Fatima, Z., Maqsood, M., Bhat, M.A. Nasim, S.A., Ilah, A., Ahmad, I.Z., Khan, S.A., Mujib, A. and Sharma, M.P. 2010. Catharanthus roseus (L.) G. Don. an important drug: Its applications and production. International Journal of Comprehensive Pharmacy, 4(12): 1-16.
Burnett, S., Thomas, P. and van Iersel, M. 2005. Post-germination drenches with PEG-8000 reduce growth of salvia and marigolds. Horticultural Science, 40: 675-679.
Carbonell, M.V., Martinez, E., Diaz, J.E., Amaya, J.M. and Florez, M. 2004. Influence of magnetically treated water on germination of signalgrass seeds. Science and Technology, 32: 617-619.
de Souza, A., Garci, D., Sueiro, L., Gilart, F., Porras, E. and Licea. L. 2006. Pre sowing magnetic treatments of tomato seeds increase the growth and yield of plants. Bioelectromagnetics, 27: 247–257.
Dorna, H., Gorski, R., Szopinska, D., Tylkowska, K., Jurga, J., Wosinski, S. and Tomczak, M. 2010. Effect of a permanent megnatic field together with the shielding of an alternating electric field on carrot seed vigour and germination. Ecological Chemistry and Engineering, 17: 53-61.
Fallahi, J., Ebadi, M.T. and Ghorbani, R. 2009. The effects of salinity and drought stresses on germination and seedling growth of clary (Salvia sclarea). Environmental Stresses in Agricultural Sciences, 1(1): 57-67. (In Persian).
Feizi, H., Rezvani Moghaddam, P., Koocheki, A., Shahtahmasebi, N. and Fotovat, A. 2012. Influence of intensity and exposure duration of magnetic field on behavior of seed germination and seedling growth of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Agroecology, 3 (4): 482-490. (In Persian).
Feizi, H., Sahabi, H., Rezvani Moghaddam, P., Shahtahmassebi, N., Gallehgir, O. and Amirmoradi, S. 2012. Impact of intensity and exposure duration of magnetic field on seed germination of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum L.). Notulae Scientia Biologicae, 4(1):116-120.
Fischer, G., Tausz, M., Kock, M. and Grill, D. 2004. Effects of weak 16 Hz magnetic fields on growth parameters of young sunflower and wheat seedlings. Bioelectromagnetics, 25: 638-641.
Florez, M., Carbonell, M.V. and Martinez, E. 2007. Exposure of maize seeds to stationary magnetic fields: Effects on germination and early growth. Environmental Experimental Botany, 59:68–75.
Garcia, R.F. and Arza, P.L. 2001. Influence of a stationary magnetic field on water relations in lettuce seeds. Part I: Theoretical considerations. Bioelectromagnetics, 22:589–595.
ISTA. 2009. ISTA rules. International Seed Testing Association. Zurich, Switzerland.
Jaleel, C.A., Gopi, R., Manivannan, P. and Panneerselvam, R. 2008. Soil salinity alters the morphology in Catharanthus roseus and its effects on endogenous mineral constituents. EurAsian Journal of BioSciences, 2: 18-25.
Jamil, M., Lee, D., Jung, K.Y., Ashraf, M., Lee, S.C. and Rha, E.S. 2006. Effect of salt stress on germination and early seedling growth of four vegetable species. Journal of Central European Agriculture, 7: 273-282.
Khan, M.A. and Gulzar, S. 2003. Germination responses of Sporobolus loclados: A saline desert grass. Journal of Arid Environments. 53: 387-394.
Kordas, L. 2002. The effect of magnetic field on growth, development and the yield of spring wheat. Polish JournalofEnvironmental Studies, 11:527-530.
Lipiec, J., Janas, P. and Barabasz, W. 2004. Effect of oscillating magnetic field pulses on the survival of selected microorganisms. International Agrophysics, 18(4): 325-328.
Maguire, I.D. 1982. Speed of germination- aid in selection and evaluation for seedling emergence and vigor. Crop Science, 22: 176-177.
Marghaeizadeh, Gh., Gharineh, M.H., Fathi, Gh., Abdali, A.R. and Farbod, M. 2015. Effect of ultrasound waves and magnetic field on germination, growth and yield of (Carum copticum L. C. B. Clarke) in lab and field conditions. Iranian Journal of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, 30 (4): 539 -560. (In Persian).
Marinkovic, B., Grujic, M., Marinkovic, D., Crnobarac, J., Marinkovic, J., Jacimovic, G. and Mircov, D.V. 2008. Use of biophysical methods to improve yields and quality of agricultural productions. Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 53(3): 235-242.
Martinez, E., Carbonell, M. V. and Amaya, J. M. 2000. A static magnetic field of 125 mT stimulates the initial growth stages of barley (Hordenum vulgare L.). Electromagnetic Biology and Medicine, 19(3): 271-277.
Martinez, E., Carbonell, M.V., Florez, M., Amaya, J.M. and Maqueda, R. 2009. Germination of tomato seeds (Lycopersicon esculentum L.) under magnetic field. International Agrophysics, 23: 45-49.
Pang, X. and Deng, B. 2008. Investigation of changes in properties of water under the action of a magnetic field. Chinese Science Journal, 51(11): 1621-1632.
Podlesny, J., Misiak, L. E., Podesna, A. and Pietruzewski, S. 2005. Concentration of radicals in pea seeds after pre-sowing treatment with magnetic field. Agrophysics, 19: 243-249.
Podlesny, J., Pietruszewski, S. and Podlesna, A. 2003. Efficiency of the magnetic treatment of broad bean seeds cultivated under experimental plot conditions. International Agrophysics, 18: 65-71.
Renia, F.G., Pascual, L.A. and Fundora, I.A. 2001. Influence of a stationary magnetic field on water relations in lettuce seeds. Part II: Experimental results. Bioelectromagnetics, 22:596-602.
Rezaee, Z., Chehrazi, M. and Moallemi, N. 2013. Effect of salinity stress on seed germination of Catharanthus roseus Don. cvs. ʻRoseaʼ and ʻAlbaʼ. 8th Horticultural Sciences Congressof Iran, Bu-Ali Sina University, 26-29 August 2013, Hamedan, Iran. 3335-3338. (In Persian).
Saeb, H., Khayyat, M., Zarezadeh, A., Moradinezhad, F., Samadzadeh, A. and Safaee, M. 2014. Effects of NaCl stress on seed germination attributes of periwinkle (Catharanthus roseus L.) and corn poppy (Papaver rhoeas L.) plants. Plant Breeding and Seed Science, 67 (1): 115-123.
Sain, M. and Sharma, V. 2013. Catharanthus roseus (an anti-cancerous drug yielding plant) - a review of potential therapeutic properties. International Journal of Pure & Applied Bioscience, 1 (6): 139-142 .
Salehi Arjmand, H. and Sharafi, S. 2015. Effect of magnetic field on seed germination and early growth of Calendula officinalis L. Journal of Ornamental Plants, 5(2): 91-96.
Shams, Gh., Ranjbar, M., Abbasi, A.R.,Khodarahmpour, Z., Feizi, H. and Zare, R. 2013. Influence of homogeneous magnetic field on the content of ten trace elements in stipe and cap oyster mushroom (Pleurotus florida). International Research Journal of Applied and Basic Sciences, 4 (5): 1071-1077.
Singh, K.N., Sharma, D.K. and Chillar, R.K. 1988. Growth, yield and chemical composition of different oil seed crop as influenced by sodicity. Journal of Agricultural Science, 3: 459-463.
Soltani, F. and Kashi, A.K. 2004. Effect of magnetic field on seed germination and vegetative growth of lettuce. Iranian Journal of Horticultural Science and Technology, 5(2): 101-108.
Tieu, A., Dixon, K. W., Meney, K. A., Sivasithamparam, K. and Barrett. R.L. 2001. Spatial and developmental variation in seed dormancy characteristics in the fire-responsive specie Anigozanthos manglesii (Haemodoraceae) from western Australia. Journal of Annals of Botany. 88: 19-26.
Ungar, I.A. 1996. Effect of salinity on seed germination, growth and ion accumulation of Atriplex patula (Chenopodiaceae). American Journal of Botany, 83: 604-607.
van Gastel, A.J.G., Pagnotta, M.A. and Porceddu, E. 1996. Seed science and technology. ICARDA, Aleppo, Syria. 265 pp.
Vashisth, A. and Nagarajan, S. 2008. Exposure of seeds to static magnetic field enhances germination and early-growth characteristics in chickpea (Cicer arientum L.). Bioelectromagnetics, 29: 571-578.
Vashisth, A. and Nagarajan, S. 2010. Effect on germination and early growth characteristics in sunflower (Helianthus annuus) seeds exposed to static magnetic field. Plant Physiology, 167: 149-156.
Vicente, O., Boscaiu, M., Naranjo, M.A., Esrrelles, E., Bellss, J.M. and Soriano, P. 2004. Responses to salt stress in the halophyte Plantago crassifolia (Plantaginaceae). Journal of Arid Environments, 58: 463-481.
Voigt, E.L., Almeida, T.D., Chagas, R.M., Ponte, L.F.A., Viégas, R.A. and Silveira, J.A.G. 2009. Source–sink regulation of cotyledonary reserve mobilization during cashew (Anacardium occidentale) seedling establishment under NaCl salinity. JournalofPlant Physiology, 166:80–89.