Increasing the Vase Life of Alstroemeria Cut Flowers Using Cycloheximide, Benzyladenine and Coconut Juice

Document Type: Original Article

Authors

Department of Horticulture, Rasht Branch, Islamic Azad University, Rasht, Iran

Abstract

In order to improve the vase life of alstroemeria cut flowers (Alstroemeria aurantiaca), an experiment was performed based on completely randomized design with 10 treatments including cycloheximide (50, 100 and 200 mg l-1), benzyladenine (50, 100 and 200 mg l-1), coconut juice (5, 10 and 20 %) and control (distilled water) in three replications. In this study, characteristics such as vase life, dry matter, increasing ° Brix, the percentage of flower opening, chlorophyll a and b and ionic leakage were evaluated. The results showed that coconut juice at a concentration of 5% has the maximum vase life (17.39 days), although it has no significant difference with different levels of benzyladenine and 10 and 20% coconut juice treatments. 10% coconut juice with 2.58 and 0.88 has the highest ° Brix and flower opening index, respectively. Treatments of 50 mg l-1 benzyladenine, 5 and 10% coconut juice had the maximum impact on the amount of dry matter. The most successful treatments for reducing ionic leakage are two treatments of 5% coconut juice and 100 mg l-1 benzyladenine. All treatments cause maintenance of chlorophyll a and b compared to the control, and two treatments of 50 mg l-1 cycloheximide and 5% coconut juice had the highest content of chlorophyll a and b, respectively among treatments. According to the obtained results, using 5% coconut juice in the vase solution can effectively improve the vase life of alstroemeria cut flowers.

Graphical Abstract

Increasing the Vase Life of Alstroemeria Cut Flowers Using Cycloheximide, Benzyladenine and Coconut Juice

Highlights

The results showed that 5, 10 and 20% coconut juice and 50, 100 and 200 mg l-1 benzyladenine has the maximum vase life.

The most successful treatments for reducing ionic leakage are two treatments of 5% coconut juice and 100 mg l-1 benzyladenine.

According to the obtained results, using 5% coconut juice in the vase solution can effectively improve the vase life of alstroemeria cut flowers.

 

Keywords


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