Improvement Postharvest Quality of Cut Alstroemeria (Alstroemeria hybrida) by Stem-End Splitting and Ethanol

Document Type: Original Article


1 Master Student of Department of Horticulture, Rasht Branch, Islamic Azad University, Rasht, Iran

2 Assistant Professor of Department of Horticulture, Rasht Branch, Islamic Azad University, Rasht, Iran


For the improvement the postharvest longevity of cut alstroemeria (Alstroemeria hybrida L.), a factorial experiment was carried out based on RCD with 2 factors of stem end splitting at two levels (5 cm splitting and without splitting) and ethanol at five levels (0, 1, 2, 4 and 6%), 10 treatments, 3 replications and 30 plots. In this experiment, the estimated traits included vase life, water absorbtion, fresh weight, dry matter percent, ethylene, petal anthocyanin, electrolyte leakage and lipid peroxidation (MDA). ANOVA showed significant differences among treatments for vase life, water absorbtion, dry matter percent and electrolyte leakage at the 5% probability level and for other traits at the 1% probability level. Results showed that different treatments improved vase life as compared to control and maximum vase life of 19.77 days was achieved under the treatment of ethanol 1% + with 5 cm splitting compared to control (11.09 days).


Basiri, Y., Zarei, H., Mashayekhi, K. and Pahlavani, M. 2011. Effect of rosemary extract on vase life and some quality characteristic of cut carnation flower (Dianthus caryophyllus cv. ‘White Liberty’). Journal of Stored Products and Postharvest Research, 2(14): 261-265.

Blankenship,S.and Dole,T.M.2003.1-methylcyclopropene:Areview. Postharvest Biology and Technologhy. 28: 1-25.

Bolandraftar, S. 2013. Investigation of effect of ethanol, methanol and acetaldehyde on vase life of cut flower Eustoma grandifora. Presented in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirement in Ornamental Plants. Islamic Azad university Rasht Branch, Rasht, Iran.

Chanasut, U., Rogers, H.J., Leverenttz, M.K., Griffiths, G., Thomas, B., Wagstaff, C. and Stead, A.D. 2003. Increasing flower longevity in Alstroemeria. Postharvest Biology and Technologhy. 29: 324-332.

de Stigter, H.C.M. and Broekhuysen, A.G.M. 1986. Cut-rose performance: Result of a touchy balance. Acta Horticulturae. 1989: 137-142.

Eason, J.R., Morgan, E.R., Mullan, A.C. and Burge, G.K. 2001. Postharvest characteristics of Santonia ‘Golden Lights’ a new hybrid cut flower from Sandersonia aurabtiaca Littonia Modesta. Postharvest Biology and Technologhy. 22: 93-97.

Edrisi, B. 2009. Postharvest physiology of cut flowers. Payam-e-Digar Publication 150 pages.

Fahimi, A., Rahama, E. and Hassan, S. 2005. Postharvest studies on some important flower crops. www.libi.uni-convinus. Hu/Phd/Saek-hassan.

Farokhzad, A., Khalighi, A., Mostofi, R. and Naderi, R. 2005. Role of ethanol in vase life and ethylene production in cut lisianthus (Eustoma grandiflorum Mariachii. cv. Blue) flowers. Journal of Agriculture, Forestry and the Social Sciences. 1: 309-312.

Hashemabadi, D. Kaviani, B., Sadaghathoor, Sh., Torkashvand, M.A. and Zarei, R. 2009. Quality management of cut carnation "Tempo" with 1-MCP. African Journal of Biotechnology. 20: 5351-5357.

Heath, R.L. and Parker, L. 1986. Photoperoxidation in isolated chloroplast: I. Kinetics and stiochiometry of fatty acid peroxidation. Archives of BiochemistryandBiophysics. 125: 189-198.

Heins, R.D. and Blakkey, N. 1980. Influence of ethanol on ethylene biosynthesis and flower senescence of cut carnation. Scientia Horticulturae. 13: 361-369.

Hofreiter, A. and Rodriguz, E.F. 2006. The Alstroemeriaceae in Peru and neighbouring areas. Revista Peruana de Biología. 13: 5-69.

Hojjati, A., Khalighi, A. and Farokhzad, A.R. 2007. Chemical treatment of Eustoma cut flower cultivars for enhanced vase life. Journal of Agriculture and Social Scienes. 3 (3): 75-78.

Ichimura, K., Kawabata, Y., Kishimoto, M., Goto, R. and Ya-mada, K. 2003. Shortage of soluble carbohydrates is largely responsible for short vase life of cut ‘Sonia’ rose flowers. Japanese SocietyforHorticultural Science, 72: 292-298

Isavand, H.R. and Ashouri, S. 2010. Stress physiology (Translation). First Edition. Lorestan University Press. 288 pages.

Mazumdar, B.C. and Majumdar, K. 2003. Methods on physcochemical analysis of fruits. University College of Agriculture, Calcutta University. 136-150.

Mehri, M.S. 2014. Effects of mechanical and physical treatments on vase life of cut alstroemeria (Alstroemeria hybrida L.). Presented in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirement in Ornamental Plants. Islamic Azad University Rasht Branch, Rasht, Iran.

Meng, X. and Wang, X. 2004. Relation of flower development and anthocyanin accumula tion in Gerbera hybrid. Journal of Horticultural ScienceandBiotechnology. 79: 131-137.

Petridou, M., Voyiatzi, C. and Voyiatzis. D. 2001. Methanol, ethanol and other compounds retard senescence and improve the vase life and quality of cut chrysanthemum flowers. Postharvest Biology and Technologhy. 23: 29-83.

Podd, L.A. and van Staden, T. 1998. The role of ethanol and acetaldehyde in flower senescence and fruitripening: A review. Plant Growth Regulators, 26: 183-189.

Reid, M. 2002. Non-metabolized cytokinies in postharvest performance of ornamentals. University of California. 1-6.

Sharif Hossain, A.B.A., Nasrolhah Boyce, A., Majid, H.M., Chahdran, S. and Zuliiana, R. 2007. Effect of ethanol on the longerity and abscission of Bougainvillea flower. Maejo International Journal of Science and Technology. 1 (2): 184-193.

Shimizu-Yumoto, H. and Ichimura, K. 2010. Combination of pulse treatment of naphthalenacetic acid and amino ethoxyvinylglicine greatly improves postharvest life in Eustoma flowers. Postharvest Biology and Technology. 56: 104-107.

Smart, C.M. 1994. Gene expression during leaf senescence. New Phytologist. 126: 419-448.

Son, K.C., Byoun, H.J. and Yoo, M.H. 2003. Effect of pulsing with silver nitrate or silver thosulphate the absorption and distribution of silver and the vase life of cut rose ‘Red Sandra’. Acta Horticulturae. 624: 365-372.

Thomas, H. and Stoddart, J.L. 1980. Leaf senescence. Annual Review of Plant Physiology, 701(31): 83-111.

van Doorn, W.G. and Dhort, K. 1994. Interaction between the effects of bacteria and day storage on the opening and water relation of cut rose flowers. Journal of Applied Bacteriology. 77: 644-649.

van Meeteren, U., Van Gelder, H. and Van Leperen, W. 2000. Reconsideration of the use of deionized water as water in postharvest experiments on cut flowere. Postharvest Biology and Technologhy ,18: 169-181.

Wagstaff, C., Leverents, M.K., Griffiths, G., Thomas, B., Chanasut, U., Stead, A.D. and Rogers, H.J. 2002. Cysteine protease gene expression and proteolytic activity during senescence of Alstroemeria petals. Journal of Experimental Botany. 53: 233-240.

Wu, M.J., Zacarias, L. and Rid, M.S. 1992. Variation in the senescence of carnation (Dianthus caryophyllus L.) cultivars, comparisons of sensitivity to exogenous ethylene and of ethylene binding. Scientia Horticulturae. 48: 109-116.