Thrips Pests on Ornamental Plants in Mahallat, Markazi Province, Iran

Document Type: Original Article

Authors

1 Department of Plant Protection, College of Agriculture, Ilam University, Ilam 69315–516, Iran

2 Agriculture and Natural Resources Research Center, Arak, Iran

Abstract

Thrips specimens were collected in the year 2014 on different ornamental plants from Mahallat (Markazi Province), Iran. In this study, 11 species in six genera and three different families of Thysanoptera were collected and identified. The scientific names of thrips species are as follow: Melanthrips knechteli, M. pallidior, Frankliniella intonsa, F. occidentalis, Microcephalothrips abdominalis, Tenothrips discolor, T. latoides, Thrips meridionalis, T. nigropilosus, T. tabaci, and Haplothrips reuteri.Among them, seven species are newly recorded for the fauna of Markazi Province. A high number of two harmful thrips, Thrips tabaci and Frankliniella occidentalis were found in all of flowers and ornamental plants. An identification key for phytophagous thrips is also given.

Keywords


Atakan, E., Uygur, S. and Özgür, A. F. 1999. Weed host species of flower thrips, Frankliniella intonsa (Trybom) (Thysanoptera: Thripidae). The Journal of Turkish Weed Sciences, 2: 32–38.

Aydemir, M. and Toros, S. 1990. Natural enemies of Tetranychus urticae on bean plant in Erzincan. Proceedings of the Second Turkish National Congress of Biological Control, Ankara, Turkey, 261–271.

Cloyd, R. A. 2009. Western flower thrips (Frankliniella occidentalis) management on ornamental crops grown in greenhouses: Have we reached an impasse? Pest Technology, 3: 1–9.

Gilasian, E. 2000. Faunistic study of Thysanoptera in ornamental and crop plants and the biology of dominant species in Gorgan region. M.Sc. thesis, College of Agriculture, Tarbiat Modarres University, Tehran-Iran, 133 pp.

Jalili-Moghadam, M. and Azmayesh-fard, P. 2004. Thrips of ornamental plants in Tehran and Mahallat. Proceedings of the 16th Iranian Plant Protection Congress, p. 160.

Kheyrandish Koshkoei, M. 2000. Faunistic survey of Thysanoptera in Kerman and study of population density of active species on rose. M.Sc. thesis, College of Agriculture, Tarbiat Modarres University, Tehran, Iran 137 pp.

Kirk, W. D. J. and Terry, I. 2004. The spread of the western flower thrips Frankliniella occidentalis (Pergande). Agricultural and Forest Entomology,5: 301–310.

Ludwig, S., Osborne, L., Ciomperlik, M. and Hodges, G. 2007. Chilli thrips, Scirtothrips dorsalis Hood,National IPM center pest alert, May 08, 2015. Available online: http://www.ncipmc.org/alerts/chilithrips.cfm.

Mirab-balou, M. 2011. A systematic study of Thysanoptera in Iran (Hexapoda: Insecta). Ph.D. thesis, College of Agriculture and Biotechnology, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China 643 pages.

Mirab-balou, M. 2013. A checklist of Iranian thrips (Insecta: Thysanoptera). Far Eastern Entomologist, 267: 1–27.

Mirab-balou, M. and Chen, X. X. 2010. A new method for preparing and mounting thrips for microscopic examination.Journal of Environmental Entomology, 32(1): 115–121.

Mirab-balou, M., Pourian, H. R. and Alizadeh, M. 2009. Ornamental (pests and diseases). Marze Danesh Press, Tehran-Iran, 109 pp. (In Persian).

Mirab-balou, M., Tong, X. L. and Chen, X. X. 2012. Iranian Haplothrips with forewings sub-basal setae arranged in a triangle (Tubulifera: Phlaeothripidae). Persian Gulf Crop Protection, 1(2): 15–21.

Mirab-balou, M., Tong, X. L., Feng, J. N. and Chen, X. X. 2011. Thrips (Insecta: Thysanoptera) of China. Check List (Journal of Species Lists and Distribution), 7(6): 720–744.

Mound, L. A. 2013. Homologies and host-plant specificity: recurrent problems in the study of thrips. Florida Entomologist, 96: 318–322.

Mound, L. A. and Marullo, R. 1996. The thrips of Central and South America: an introduction (Insecta: Thysanoptera). Memoirs on Entomology International, 6: 1–487.

Mound, L. A. and Teulon, D. A. J. 1995. Thysanoptera as phytophagous opportunists. In: Parker, B.L., Skinner, M. and Lewis, T. (eds). Thrips biology and management: Proceedings of the 1993 International Conference on Thysanoptera. Plenum, New York, NATO ASI Series A276, pp. 3–20.

Pourian, H. R., Mirab-balou, M., Alizadeh, M. and Orosz, Sz. 2009. Study on biology of onion thrips, Thrips tabaci Lind. (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) on cucumber (var. Soltan) in laboratory conditions. Journal of Plant Protection Research, 49(4): 390–394.

Riudavets, J. 1995. Predators of Frankliniella occidentalis (Perg.) and Thrips tabaci Lind.: a review. In: J.C. van Lenteren, A.K. Minks and O.M.B. Ponti (eds.), Biological Control of Thrips Pests, pp: 43–87. Wageningen Agriculture University, Wageningen, the Netherlands.

Silagyi, A. J. and Dixon, W. N. 2006. Assessment of chili thrips, Scirtothrips dorsalis Hood. Florida Division of Plant Industry, Gainesville, Florida. 9 pp.

ThripsWiki. 2015. ThripsWiki — providing information on the World’s thrips’’. Available from: http://thrips.info/wiki/.