Effect of Media and Different Concentrations of IBA on Rooting of ‘Ficus benjamina L.’ Cutting


Department of Horticulture, Rasht Branch, Islamic Azad University, Rasht, Iran


Ficus benjaminais a very popular and resistant indoor plant in temperate areas. Cutting is the easiest propagation method of this plant and it requires special treatments such as auxin and appropriate rooting medium. In order to test the suitable auxin (IBA) concentration and rooting media, a factorial experiment carried out based on randomized complete block design with three replications. Experimental two factors were different concentrations of IBA (0, 2000, 4000 and 6000 ppm) and rooting media (sand, perlite and sand+perlite mixture). Rooting percentage, root number and longest root length was evaluated. Based on the results both rooting percent and longest root length were gained under 4000 ppm IBA. Rooting percent was maximized in combined treatment of "4000 ppm IBA+perlite" and "6000 ppm IBA+ sand". The high number of roots was gained in "6000 ppm IBA+sand".