Effect of Calcium Chloride on Growth and Yield of Tomato under Sodium Chloride Stress

Author

Young Researchers Club, Islamic Azad University, Gorgan Branch, Gorgan, Iran

Abstract

The effects of salinity and supplied calcium chloride on growth and leaf ions concentration of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum L.) were investigated in Gorgan, Iran. A factorial experiment was conducted based on RCBD with four NaCl levels (0, 50, 100, and 150 mM) and four CaCl2 levels (0, 100, 200 and 300 mg L-1). Data of growth, yield and leaf’s Ca, K, and Na content were subjected to analyze of variance. The results showed that fruit yield decreased under salinity stress. Increasing Ca2+concentration in the nutrient solution increased the fruit yield. Leaf Ca2+, K+, and N content decreased under salinity stress. Tomato in its response to nutrient solution, salinized with sodium chloride and calcium chloride. The results obtained from this experiment show that salinity stress caused a significant reduction in plant growth, leaf number and fruit weight.

Keywords