Effect of Thidiazuron and Salicylic Acid on the Vase Life and Quality of Alstroemeria (Alstroemeria hybrida L .cv. Modena) Cut Flower

Authors

1 Former MSc Student, Department of Horticultural Science, Islamic Azad University, Rasht Branch, Iran

2 Assistant Professor, Department of Horticulture, Islamic Azad University, Rasht Branch, Iran

3 Young Researchers and Elits Club, Rasht Branch, Islamic Azad University, Rasht Branch, Iran

Abstract

In this research, the effects of thidiazuron pulse treatment and salicylic acid were examined to improve vase life and maintain the quality of Alstroemeria ҅Modena҆ cut flowers. The experiment was done in a factorial experiment based on RCD with 16 treatments, 3 replications and 48 plots. The flowers were placed in different concentrations of thidiazuron (0, 10, 20, and 50 μM) and salicylic acid (0, 100, 200, and 300 mg l-1) for 24 hours. Then cut flowers were put in a preservative solution containing 3% sucrose and 300 mg l-1 8-HQS.Then, vase life and quality traits such as fresh weight, dry weight, water uptake, amount of soluble solids (˚brix) and cell membrane stability (electrolyte leakage) were evaluated during examination. The results showed that the concentration of 200 mg l-1 salicylic acid, has the highest water uptake and lowest reduction of fresh weight in comparison with the other treatments. In all treatments except for the control, dry weight and soluble solids increased.Also, 20 μM thidiazuron and 100 mg l-1 salicylic acid showed the greatest stability of the cell membrane compared to the control treatment. Finally, 20 μM thidiazuron and 200 mg l-1 salicylic acid with the highest vase life of cut alstroemeria ҅Modena҆ compared to the other treatments is recommended to extend the vase life.

Keywords


1. Alaey, M., Babalar, M., Naderi, R. and Kafi, M.1390. changes in antioxidant enzymes in vegetative and reproductive tissue of Rosa hybrida L.Black Magic. Seventh Congress of Iranian Horticultural. 643-647 papers.
 
2. Ezhilmathi, K., Singh, V. P., Arora, A. and Sairam, R. K. 2007. Effect of 5-sulfosalicylic acid on antioxidant activity in relation to vase life of Gladiolus cut flowers. Plant Growth Regulation. 51:99-108. [DOI via Crossref]   
 
3. Fathi, GH. and Ismaeilpour, B. 2002. Plant growth regulators: principles and practice. Mashhad University 288 pages.
 
4. Ferrant, A., Hunter, D. A., Hackett, W. P. and Reid, M.S. 2002.Thidiazuron – a potent inhibitor of leaf senescnce in alstroemeria. Postharvest, Biology and Technology. 25:333-335. [DOI via Crossref]   
 
5. Ferrant, A., Tognoni, F. Mensuali-Sodi, A. and Serra, G. 2003. Treatment whit thidiazuron for preventing leaf yellowing in cut tulips and chrysanthemum. Acta Horticulturae, 624:357-363.
 
6. Gerailoo, S. and Ghasemnezhad, M. 2011. Effect of salysilic acid on antioxidant enzyme activity and petal senescence in'Yellow Island' cut rose flowers. Journal of Fruit and Ornamental Research.19(1):183-193.
 
7. Kim, J. B. 2005. Development of efficient regeneration and transformation system of Alstroemeria. PhD.Thesis, Wageningen University,The Netherlands.Pp.160.
 
8. Leverentz, M.K.,Wagstaff, C., Rogres, H.J., Stead, A.D., Chanasut, U., Silkowski, H., Thomas, B. Weichert, H., Feussner, I. and Griffith, G. 2002. Characterization of novel lipoxygenas-independent senescence mechanism in Alstroemeria peruviana floral tissue. Physiology, 130:273-283. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]    [PMC Free Fulltext]   
 
9. Liao L.J. Lin, Y.H. Huang, K.L. Chen, W.S. and Cheng, Y.M. 2000. Postharvest life of cut rose flowers as affected by silverthiosulfate and sucrose. Botanical Bulletin of Academia Sinica. 41: 299-303.
 
10. Li, Q. F., Ma, C. C. and Shang, Q. L. 2007. Effects of silicon on photosynthesis and antioxidative enzymes of maize under drought stress. Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao.18: 531-536. [Pubmed]   
 
11. Macnish, A.J., Jiang,C.Z. and Reid, M.S. 2010. Treatment with thidiazuron on improves opening and vase life iris flowers. Postharvest biology and technology. 56:77-84. [DOI via Crossref]   
 
12. Naseri, M. and Ebrahimi Geravi. A. 1999. Bulbous flowers producing (Translated). Jahad Keshavarzi Publications, Mashhad, p 352.
 
13. Rezvanipour, Sh., Hatamzadeh, A. and HassanpourAsil, M. 2012. Effect of thidiazuronand benzyladenine in postharvest Alstroemeria cut flowers life increase. Seventh of Iranian Horticultural Congress, 2468-2470.
 
14. Samadi, H., Hoseini, S.S., Hatamzadeh, A., Ghasemnezhad, M. and Zakizadeh, H. 2012. Effect of salysilic acid and ascorbic acid treatments on vase life and postharvest quality of cut flowers rose cv. Rednaomy and Avalang. Seventh of Iranian Horticultural Congress. 2259-2261.
 
15. Srivastava, M. K. and Dwivedi, U. N. 2000. Delayed ripening of banana fruit by salicylic Aacid. Plant Science. 158: 87-96. [DOI via Crossref]   
 
16. Steinitz, B. 1982. Role of sucrose in stabilization of cut gerbera flowers stalks. Gratenbauwissenschaft, 47: 77-81.
 
17. Weaver, L.M., Gan, S., Quirino, B. and Amasino, R.M. 1998. A comparison of the expression patterns of several senescence associated genes in response to stress and hormone treatment. Plant Molecular Biology, 37, 455-469. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
 
18. Zhang, Y., Chen, K., Zhang, S. and Ferguson, I. 2003. The role of salicylic acid in postharvest ripening of kiwi fruit. Postharvest Biology and Technology, 28: 67- 74. [DOI via Crossref]